An autonomous vehicle is a car that does not need the intervention of a person to move from one place to another because it has the necessary functions to do it by itself, but of course, under the supervision and decision of the driver, since The driver himself is the one who activates these functions according to the level of autonomy he wants the vehicle to have.
The most well-known characteristics that make a vehicle autonomous at a low scale are GPS systems, automatic braking, lane change controllers, among others, because there is not a fully autonomous model in the automotive market yet. The very definition of autonomy can give us a clear idea of what is sought to be achieved with such a vehicle; however, we share some operating characteristics of the autonomous cars that are intended to go on the market in the future.
Autonomous cars are vehicles that can move; detect obstacles, traffic, curves, and more, for themselves! Despite this, it does not mean that the driver cannot make decisions about the actions carried out by his vehicle; he will be able to do so by deciding the level of autonomy and when to pause these types of functions.
The operation is not easy and it is not easy to get used to driving a vehicle with mobility options like these, these vehicles have all kinds of systems, cameras, sensors, radars, and many more devices that allow them to identify what is happening around them and decide what movements to make, how and when to brake and of course, when to stop because the driver has reached his destination.
Currently, fully autonomous cars exist only as prototypes or projects in process of some automotive producers, those that exist in the market today, drive up to a level 3 of autonomy, which means that they are capable of taking control of the steering wheel. or of the pedals, but not of both aspects at the same time; increase passenger safety automatically, park themselves, control the braking system, control movements, among other functions, but there is still no model that can mobilize a driver without him having to take any action.
One of the systems that stands out the most in the market, although it does not refer to one of total autonomy in vehicles, is Toyota’s system, Active Safety, which provides a medium degree of autonomy that allows a more calm, safe driving and effective since it collaborates with the driver informing through peripheral surveillance support, vehicle movement control and accident prevention support. For example, if your vehicle begins to lose grip and control when cornering asphalt in the rain, the system kicks in by applying braking pressure to each of the wheels.
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