Introduction to DNA Computing and its Applications

DNA Logic is a emerging computer technology for DNA today, but there are great prospects for them in the future. Organic nanocomputers, embedded in living organisms, we still see as something fun, irrational. But the absurdity today may be so tomorrow that it becomes so commonplace and so natural that it would be hard to imagine how anyone could have done it without it in the past.

Thus, DNA computing is a branch of the field of molecular computer in the field of molecular biology and computer science. The basic concept of computer DNA is the creation of a new paradigm, the development of new computer algorithms based on the knowledge of the structure and functions of the DNA molecule and the performance of living cells in DNA molecules using various enzymes. The computer’s DNA prototype includes the development of a biological nanocomputer that will be able to store terabytes of information at a volume of a few micrometers. Such a computer can be installed in the cell of a living creature, and its performance will be calculated at millions of seconds per second with a power consumption not exceeding one million watts.

DNA molecules with their own unique structure and ability to use compatible statistics allow for a different view of the computational problem. Traditional processors make plans in order. In addition to the existence of multiple systems, multiple processors and various technologies aimed at increasing the level of similarity, basically all computers are built on the basis of von Neumann architecture with devices with command-in-command mode. All modern processors use the following command and data processing: download commands and data from memory and execute commands on selected data. This cycle repeats itself over and over again at great speed.

DNA computing is based on completely different, similar designs and in some cases it is possible for them to easily calculate those tasks that could take years to computers based on von Neumann architecture.

Benefits of DNA in Computer Technology

In modern processors and microcircuits, silicon is used as a building material. But the possibilities for silicon are endless, and eventually, we will come to a point where the continued growth of the processing power of processors will end. Therefore, mankind is already facing the daunting task of finding new technologies and materials that could replace silicon in the future.

DNA molecules can emerge as the very material that will replace silicon transistors with their binary logic. Suffice it to say that just one pound (453 g) of DNA molecules has the final capacity to exceed the total amount of all modern data storage systems, and the processing power of a drop-in DNA processor will be greater than that of today’s most powerful supercomputer.

More than ten billion DNA molecules take up just 1 cm3 of volume. However, this number of molecules is sufficient to store the capacity of 10 TB, while performing tens of billions of jobs per second.

Another advantage of DNA processors compared to conventional silicon processors is that they can perform all calculations not in sequence, but in parallel, making it possible to perform more complex mathematical calculations in just minutes. Traditional computers can take months and years to complete such calculations.

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